In the Montessori 3 to 6 environment the children choose their work from among the self-correcting materials displayed on shelves. Over time, the children develop into a “normalized community,” working with concentration and few interruptions. Normalization is the process whereby a child moves from being undisciplined to self-disciplined, from disordered to ordered, from distracted to focused. This process is the work of the child. Through this work the child becomes normalized. The process occurs through repeated work with materials that captivate the child’s attention.
Montessoir Curriculum Full Overview
3-6 Practical life activities continue to build on the home-school continuum, as the child develops everyday life skills through real and purposeful work. These activities form the foundation for all other work in the environment. The goals of practical life lessons are to promote the development of a child’s concentration, coordination, independence, and sense of order. Practical life activities further aid in a child’s development of logical thought, ability to sequence and explore spatial relationships, and promote cultural awareness and adaptation. Practical life exercises are indirectly preparing children for later exercises in reading and writing. Practical life exercises include learning:
HOW TO CARE FOR ONESELF
- Dressing / undressing
- Hand washing
- Food preparation
HOW TO CARE FOR THE ENVIRONMENT
- Table scrubbing
- Flower arranging
HOW TO PRACTICE POLITE SOCIAL INTERACTIONS, KNOWN AS GRACE AND COURTESY LESSONS
- How to greet someone
- How to ask for help
- How to ask to join in a game
- How to problem-solve and form positive social interactions
CONTROL OF MOVEMENT
- Carrying a tray
- Pouring dry and wet things
- Walking with a purpose
- Walking on a line
- Silence Game
The six main areas the child may work in are:
Practical life that enhances the development of task organization and cognitive order through care of self, care of the environment, exercises of grace and courtesy, and coordination of physical movement.
The sensorial area that enables the child to order, classify, and describe sensory impressions in relation to length, width, temperature, mass, color, pitch, etc.
Mathematics makes use of manipulative materials that enable the child to internalize concepts of number, symbol, sequence, operations, and memorization of basic facts.
Language arts includes oral language development, written expression, reading, the study of grammar, creative dramatics, and children’s literature. Basic skills in writing and reading are developed through the use of sandpaper letters, alphabet cut-outs, and various presentations allowing children to link sounds and letter symbols effortlessly and to express their thoughts through writing.
Cultural activities expose the child to basics in geography, history, and life sciences.
Music and Art
Music, art, and movement education are part of the integrated curriculum.
The preschool environment meets the individual child’s needs socially and academically. Its important task is to provide students with an early foundation that includes a positive attitude toward school, inner security and a sense of order, in the physical environment. It pique their curiosity, it allows them to concentration, it teaches them to make decisions, to be self-discipline, and to have a sense of responsibility to other members of the class, school, and community. This foundation will enable them to acquire more specialized knowledge and skills throughout their school career.